SN 2018hna

SN 2018hna

Postby Peter Somogyi » Sat Jan 19, 2019 6:39 pm

Hello,

This SN seem to have also reached amateur range (http://www.rochesterastronomy.org/snimages: today 13.7 mag).
After almost 2 months of this SN's discovery, last night I've put it on the list as the 2nd larger target for the case if weather allows (30 cm f/4 Newton, Alpy 600, 18 micron slit, ATIK 414, 3 x 1800 sec, 2019.01.19.112, R~670), cutting Gelato's comparison as the 2nd match:
gelato_asdb_sn2018hna_20190119_112.jpg
gelato_asdb_sn2018hna_20190119_112.jpg (84.06 KiB) Viewed 1310 times

Gelato says 100% type II, however much more type IIP matches. With SN2012 (Type IIP) it estimates phase~50d that is close to the reality, with 1st match 1994N (Type II only) it tells 35.6d. Looking at these matches, my speculation that it's more like Type IIP, though not understanding classification system enough yet.

BTW, I can see Robin's first entry on TNS estimating type II the earliest:
https://wis-tns.weizmann.ac.il/object/2018hna

If I understand correctly, does the "Type II" label mean the subtype is yet unclear?

Cheers,
Peter
Attaching the fit:
asdb_sn2018hna_20190119_112.zip
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Robin Leadbeater » Sun Jan 20, 2019 11:20 am

Hi Peter,

Nice spectrum. It is a good reminder not to forget supernovae which are discovered early when faint. I think this must have been an unusually bright type II.
(EDIT I misread the z for this galaxy (it is faint but nearby) so the brightness now is in fact fairly typical of a type II at maximum brightness at this distance)

There was not enough evidence in my spectrum to decide if it was a normal type II or a possibly an early IIb. Others on TNS also classified it as type II but it is not clear if they eliminated the possibility of a IIb. Your later spectrum eliminates a type IIb which show only weak Hydrogen lines. IIP (plateau) are most easily distinguished by their light curve which has a pause. I have not looked at the light curve but I suspect since it is still bright after 2 months is could well be a IIP

Cheers
Robin
Last edited by Robin Leadbeater on Mon Jan 21, 2019 12:44 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Robin Leadbeater » Sun Jan 20, 2019 11:44 am

Actually, checking the light curve, it has been steadily rising for ~80 days since discovery so an odd light curve for a supernova.
https://lasair.roe.ac.uk/object/ZTF18acbwaxk/

Robin
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Robin Leadbeater » Mon Jan 21, 2019 11:53 am

I have asked around and it definitely is unusual behaviour for a type II but not unique, perhaps similar to SN1987A for example
https://purcell.ssl.berkeley.edu/~korpe ... img62.html
It will be interesting to see if any professionals are following this and what they make of it

Robin
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Peter Somogyi » Mon Jan 21, 2019 6:53 pm

Hi Robin,

Thank you for looking after the info and light curves, I've had some readings by now, and assume profs should be waiting for a decline before judging any subtype.
The last 13.7mag reported on rochesterastronomy is standing out, maybe just an error (14 mag is the trend).
Let's see how it continues.

Peter
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Robin Leadbeater » Tue Jan 22, 2019 2:19 pm

Hi Peter,

The light curve is already very different from the usual type II or IIP and similar to various suspected Blue Supergiant type II supernovae (including 1987A). See this paper for example
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1101.1298.pdf
Thanks to Emmanuel Conseil on the isn_chat group for the link to the paper

Cheers
robin
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Robin Leadbeater » Fri Feb 08, 2019 11:53 pm

This supernova is now fading. See the ASAS-SN light curve here
https://asas-sn.osu.edu/light_curves/bf ... 9d23cec0c8

Despite its unusual very slow rise to maximum (~80 days) , the spectrum still closely matches match that of a normal type IIP SN at the same age. See attached ALPY 600 spectrum and example GELATO match

Cheers
Robin

gelatoplot.png
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Peter Somogyi » Sat Feb 09, 2019 1:02 pm

Hi Robin,

I suspect the Vmag data is polluted now by the large absorption feature in the middle of green (Na I D ?), yet reading articles what is it exactly.
Here is my result (6 x 1800 sec) from last night, after spending 3 weeks without usable weekend-sky:
gelatoplot_1995ad.png
gelatoplot_1995ad.png (54.86 KiB) Viewed 932 times

Althoguh Gelato offers the SN 1992H IIP even to me as a first match, I believe the Balmer velocities - with the blue end altogether - matching so perfectly, unlike 1992H that is showing well elaborated RV differences.
1995ad telling Phase=96.8d, whilst the 1992H match shows Phase=118.5d:
gelatoplot_1992H.png
gelatoplot_1992H.png (50.78 KiB) Viewed 932 times


Cheers,
Peter
asdb_sn2018hna_20190208_891.zip
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Re: SN 2018hna

Postby Peter Somogyi » Mon Feb 18, 2019 8:21 pm

Fresh result from this weekend, no big change except the H-alpha peak increase:
asdb_sn2018hna_20190216_956.png
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- Peter
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